However, this provides the UK with an opportunity to think carefully about what it wants from such an agreement – and, equally importantly, that it might be compatible with future trade plans with the US and THE EU. The country may soon be forced to make difficult decisions. In the future, ministers will be required to both conduct a human rights impact assessment for each trade agreement and revoke an agreement in cases where potential genocide is found in a provisional ruling by the UK Supreme Court. This would be the first time that national courts will have the right to declare whether there has been genocide in another country. Any trade agreement will aim to remove tariffs and remove other trade barriers that come into force. It will also cover both goods and services. Trump has shown that compromises are possible with Beijing, but Britain must dance between the demands of the United States, the EU and China, then voted by 287 votes to 161 in favor of an amendment by Lord Alton and Lord Forsyth, which gives the Supreme Court the right to issue a provisional judgment on genocide, and requires that an agreement be revoked in the event of genocide. Ministers` room for manoeuvre in signing trade agreements with governments that abuse human rights has been severely reduced after a double defeat in the House of Lords. “To live through this uncertainty, we need constructive bilateral and multilateral dialogue and engagement. Only by cooperating with all countries can we face the risk of a severe economic recession and other global challenges,” he concludes. Trade with Japan represents only 2% of the UK`s total volume, so the government expects the agreement to contribute 0.07% of GDP in the long term. He added that the UK had no intention of securing a free trade agreement with China, but said that trade between Britain and China was worth about $76 billion.
China is the UK`s fourth largest trading partner, the sixth largest export market and the third largest import market. On 23 October, the UK government signed a new trade agreement with Japan, which means that 99% of UK exports will be tariff-free. The initiative for a free trade agreement between China and the United Kingdom (FTA) took place when the BCCC published its 2020 position paper on British companies in China in Beijing on Tuesday. The British Chamber of Commerce in China (BCCC) has called on the UK government to prioritise trade negotiations with China and work towards a bilateral free trade agreement as the world continues its fight against the COVID 19 pandemic and Britain tries to develop a post-Brexit economic strategy. Nevertheless, interest in the possibility of a major British trade deal with Beijing has resumed as Britain prepares to leave the EU. Days after the 2016 referendum, future Brexit secretary David Davis said that “trade deals with the US and China alone will give us a trade area almost twice as big as the EU.” Last week, Donald Trump and Liu He, China`s vice premier, signed the first phase of a new U.S.-China trade agreement. Discussions around the agreement have been painful, raising fears about the world`s involvement in a trade dispute between the two economic giants. The signing showed that there is a space for compromise and confrontation with China, but the negotiations show the difficulties encountered with the United States, which has adhered to economic nationalism, and a China whose markets are still limited in many important areas.